Active and Passive Voice Rules with Examples, Voice change exercise

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Active and Passive Voice Rules with examples

In English, the verb represents that subject, whether an object or a person, of a sentence, has done something or something is done by the subject called the voice. A sentence that starts with the subject or the item to decide if the sentence was classified as dynamic or detached voice sentences.

What is the Voice of Verb?

  • Active Voice
  • Passive Voice

Passive Voice: When the activity communicated by the action word is gotten by the subject, it is a passive voice. Passive voice is utilized when the practitioner of the activity isn’t known and the focal point of the sentence is on the activity and not the subject.

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Active and Passive Voice Examples

Active Voice ExamplesPassive Voice Examples
Vishal sings a songA song is sung by Vishal
Ravi reads a bookA book is read by Ravi
He writes a letterA letter is written by him
She plays cricketCricket is played by her
He sells bookBooks are sold by him
I have made some teaTea has been made by me

Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules Chart

The rules for an active and passive voice for different types of tenses are given here, such as:

  • Present simple tense
  • Present continuos tense
  • Present perfect tense
  • Past simple tense
  • Past continuous tense
  • Past perfect tense
  • Future simple tense
  • Future perfect tense

But there are no passive voice formation for these tenses:

  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense
  • Future Continuous Tense

Present Simple Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice (Auxiliary Verb – is/am/are) Example
Subject + V1+s/es+ object Object+ is/am/are+ V3+ by + subject Active: He writes an essay
Passive: An essay is written by him
Subject + Do/does+ not + V1 + Object Object + is/am/are+ not + V3+ by Subject
Does+ Subject+ V1+Object Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject

Present Continuos Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice (Auxiliary Verb- is/am/are + being) Example
Subject + is/am/are+ v1+ ing + object Object+ is/am/are+ being+ V3+ by + subject Active: Sam is playing guitar
Passive: The guitar is played by Sam
Subject + is/am/are+ not+ v1+ ing+ object Object + is/am/are+ not + being+V3+ by Subject
Is/am/are+ subject+v1+ing + object Is/am/are + Object+ V3+ by subject

Present Perfect Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice (Auxiliary Verb- has/have +been) Example
Subject + has/have+ v3+ object Object+ has/have+ been+ V3+ by + subject Active: Ram created this masterpiece
Passive: The masterpiece is created by Ram
Subject + has/have+ not+ v3+ object Object + has/have+ not + been+V3+ by Subject
Has/have+ subject+ v3 + object Has/Have + Object+ been+V3+ by subject

Past Simple Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice (Auxiliary Verb- was/were) Example
Subject + V2+ object Object+ was/were V3+ by + subject Active: Rama paid the bills
Passive: The bills were paid by Rama
Subject +did+ not+v1+ object Object + was/were+ not +V3+ by Subject
Did+ subject+V1+ object Was/were + Object+ V3+ by subject

Past Continuous Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice (Auxiliary Verb- was/were + being) Example
Subject + was/were + v1+ing+ object. Object+ was/were +being+V3+ by + subject Active: Asha was learning English
Passive: English was being learned by Asha
Subject +was/were+ not+v1+ing + object Object + was/were+ not +being+V3+ by Subject
Was/were+ Subject + V1+ing + object Was/were + Object+ being+v3+ by+ subject

Past Perfect Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice (Auxiliary Verb- had +been) Example
Subject + had + v3+ object. Object+ had+been +V3+ by + subject Active: Hina won the match
Passive: The match had been won by Hina
Subject +had+ not+v3+ object Object + had+ not +been+V3+ by Subject
Had+ Subject + V3+ object Had + Object+ been+v3+ by+ subject

Future Simple Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice (Auxiliary Verb- will+ be) Example
Subject + will+ v1+ object Object+ will+ be +V3+ by + subject Active: Manu will write a letter
Passive: A letter will be written by Manu
Subject +will + not+ V1+object Object + will+ not +be+V3+ by Subject
Will+ Subject + V1+ object Will + Object+ be +v3+ by+ subject

Future Perfect Tense

Active Voice Passive Voice Example
Subject + will+ have +v3+ object. Object+ will+ have+ been +V3+ by + subject Active: India will have won the match
Passive: The match will have won by India
Subject + will+ have +not+v3+ object. Object + will+ have +not+been+v3+ subject
Will+ Subject+have+v3+ object Will + object+have+been+v3+by +subject

Noun and Pronoun for Active and Passive

See how the pronoun in active voice has to be converted into pronoun in passive voice with the help of this table.

Active Voice Pronoun Passive Voice Pronoun
I Me
We Us
He Him
She Her
They Them
You You
It It

Active to passive voice change exercise

Change the active sentences into passive sentences, If you think sentences cannot be changed then write “No change

Questions :

  1. She writes a letter.
  2. They go to school every day.
  3. He doesn`t paint the wall.
  4. Why are you crying?
  5. Did the mechanic fix your car?
  6. You should do your homework.
  7. Don`t talk so loudly.
  8. They are painting their house.
  9. We have drunk milk tea.
  10. Will you watch TV tonight?
  11. I am not going to work today.
  12. He has been teaching English for ten years.
  13. When are you going to buy a car?
  14. Who taught you the active and passive sentences?
  15. She had cleaned the kitchen.
  16. We will have eaten dinner by the time you get there.
  17. People speak English in the USA.
  18. Would you rather learn English or French?
  19. You must not come late to class.
  20. She has to pass the test.
  21. He bought his son a book.
  22. Vishal teaches us every day.
  23. Who is your teacher?
  24. Who fights the coalition forces?
  25. Who have you invited to the party?
  26. I`ll build a hospital if I have a million dollars.
  27. If I had had a million dollars, I would have built a big mosque.
  28. We will be playing cricket at this time tomorrow.
  29. Aren’t they going to be building a house?
  30. It has been raining since yesterday.
  31. The explosion had killed many people.
  32. I have never been to Egypt.
  33. Have you been digging out the ground since morning?
  34. I will have written a poem by the time you call me.
  35. The heavy storm damaged a lot of crops in Mumbai.
  36. I was playing football yesterday.
  37. Could you help me, please?
  38. Who can answer my question?
  39. Will she have been watering the garden?
  40. Milad is helping me solving the active and passive voice exercise.

Answers:

  1. A letter is written by her.
  2. Not Change.
  3. The wall isn’t painted by him.
  4. Intransitive verb (Crying)
  5. Was your car fixed by the mechanic?
  6. Your homework should be done by you.
  7. Intransitive verb (talk)
  8. Their house is being painted.
  9. Milk tea has been drunk.
  10. Will TV be watched by you?
  11. Not change.
  12. English has been taught by him for ten years.
  13. When is a car going to be bought by you?
  14. By whom were you taught the active and passive sentences?
  15. The kitchen had been cleaned.
  16. Dinner will have been eaten by the time you get there.
  17. English is spoken in the USA.
  18. Would English or French rather be learned by you?
  19. You are ordered not to come late to class.
  20. The test has to be passed by her.
  21. His son was bought a book by him.
  22. We are taught every day by Vishal.
  23. No change.
  24. By whom were the coalition forces fought?
  25. Who has been invited to the party?
  26. A hospital will be built if I have a million dollars.
  27. If I had had a million dollars, a big mosque would have been built.
  28. Cricket will be played at this time tomorrow by us.
  29. Isn’t a house be going to be built by them?
  30. No change.
  31. Many people had been killed by the explosion.
  32. No change.
  33. No change.
  34. A poem will have been written by me by the time you call me.
  35. A lot of crops were damaged by the heavy rain in Mumbai.
  36. Football was being played yesterday by me.
  37. Could I be helped, please?
  38. By whom my answer can be answered?
  39. No change.
  40. I am being helped by Milad to solve the active and passive voice exercise.

Other Information

How to Use Passive Voice in Your Writing

While most writers use active voice, passive voice is still a popular style. It is a good choice for many reasons, from variety to clarity. Read on to learn about the pros and cons of using passive voice. It can also be useful for thesis statements, and it is an important writing skill to learn how to use effectively. Here are some tips to make passive sentences sound more interesting:(1) Omit the “by” phrase. This is a common sign of passive voice.

Examples of Active Voice Sentences

If you are a writer, you have probably encountered sentences in the Active Voice. This style uses the subject to perform an action, and the tone is clear and strong. Examples of active voice sentences are short and straightforward. The passive voice is used in cases when the verb itself is the action. The passive voice is often used when the action is a subject of the sentence, such as a person’s name or the actions of a character.

What is the Voice of Verb?

What is the Voice of Verb? refers to the way the subject and action relate in a sentence. In the active voice, the subject is doing something; in the passive voice, the person doing the action is being affected by the action. In either case, the subject would normally be the object of the verb. However, some verbs aren’t suitable for passive construction, and in those cases, the active voice is preferred.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=My7XX_IzH4U

Frequently Asked Questions

Most frequent questions and answers

What is active voice? Give example.

When an activity performed by the subject is communicated by the action word, it is an active voice. Dynamic voice is utilized when more clear connection and lucidity are needed between the subject and the action word. For example, “Gita is playing badminton” is an active voice.

What is passive voice? Give example.

When the activity communicated by the action word is gotten by the subject, it is a passive voice. Passive voice is utilized when the practitioner of the activity isn’t known and the focal point of the sentence is on the activity and not the subject. For example, “Badminton is being played by Gita”.

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